When someone is treated unfairly or unequally because of specific traits at their workplace, it is identified as discrimination. The protected characteristics include ethnicity, gender identity, race, disability, age, sexual orientation, national origin, or religious beliefs. In the workplace, discrimination can happen with job applicants or between coworkers, employees, & their employers. Regardless of intention, discrimination is illegal, whether on purpose or by accident.
Workplace discrimination comes in numerous forms, most of which center around the above-mentioned protected characteristics. Most of the mentioned characteristics are protected by the federal legislation. If you have been subjected to discrimination at your workplace, speak to an employee discrimination lawyer to discuss your situation and find a solution.
Types of discrimination employees may face at their workplaces.
It is against the law to mistreat a job applicant or employee because of their race, gender identity, or any related characteristics. It is also prohibited to mistreat someone based on the color of their skin or complexion, a practice commonly known as color discrimination.
Employers are forbidden from treating workers improperly or negatively because of their religious beliefs or practices. Employers must provide employees who need the time, space, or other amenities to practice their spiritual practices with reasonable accommodations.
Adverse action against qualified job candidates or employees is made illegal by the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990. Companies aren’t permitted to refuse to hire candidates with disabilities, pay them unfair wages, or refuse to make a reasonable accommodation to someone who is otherwise qualified for a particular position. Disability is protected not only by the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) but also by the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, which forbids discrimination in federal employment.
The Pregnancy Discrimination Act (PDA), which was passed in 1978, protects non-delivering expectant parents, job seekers, and employees. Employers are obligated by law to handle pregnancy in the same manner as they would an illness that is only temporary or other non-permanent condition. Simply because you are expecting a child, you cannot have your pay reduced, your job terminated, or denied a job or promotion.
Under age discrimination laws, employers are prohibited from including age preferences in job descriptions, internships, or other company documents, such as promotion criteria. Employees who are 40 and above in age are protected by the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA). Industries are also prohibited from trying to prevent employees from receiving incentives, pay, or benefits because of their age.